The Quoll is a member of the Dasyurids family, it is
a Marsupial, and it is carnivorous, it is in fact one of the largest
of carnivorous marsupials we have in Australia. It is a rich rufus brown
above, paler below, with white spots of different size all over the
body including the tail. The head and body length is 38-75 cm in males;
females are smaller 34-45cm. The male weighs up to 7 kg, the female
Tail length is almost the same size as the body length in both male
It is found on the east coast in sclerophyll forest
and rainforest, unfortunately most of us will never see one in the wild.
Due to land clearing having removed suitable habitat, competition from
feral cats and foxes, its numbers have been greatly reduced. It is now
believed that if the last forest areas where these critters live are
opened up for logging the Quoll will be unable to survive.
Once upon a time this area also had another specie of Quoll being the
Eastern Quoll, it was found in the early days from Southern Queensland
right through to Tasmania, it is now only found in Tasmania. Let us
hope the introduction of foxes in Tasmania will not mean the disappearance
forever of this particular specie of Quoll.
The Spotted tailed Quoll become sexually mature at 1 year old, the female
will give birth to an average of 5 young. She will carry her young in
her pouch till they are 7 weeks old, and the young become independent
at 18 weeks. Breeding takes place from April to July. The male will
defend the nest site which can be in a hollow log, rock caves, or even
in trees, but have little to do with his offspring.
It is mainly nocturnal as are most of our marsupials, but can still
be found in the sun foraging or sunning itself.
The Quoll is a very good hunter, prey can be birds, small macropod's,
possums, rats and reptiles, and it will also clean up carcasses of domestic
The Australian Museum Complete book of Australian mammals.
The Encyclopedia of Australian Mammals by Ronald Strahan.
WIRES was called to help solve a problem for a chicken farmer loosing chickens to a family of Quolls. After extensive talks with the farmer involved it was made clear that the only option was to relocate the Quolls or they would be shot.
Three WIRES members were involved in the relocation which took extended time. Trapping a Quoll which is an intelligent animal is not easy, patience and vigilance is called for as well as warm clothes, a car that one can sleep in overnight in the bush was all part of the process for these carers. The weather turned cold and wet whilst this was happening but our carers were not deterred. Two Quolls have so far been relocated, the rest of the family has for now retreated and we hope they will stay far away out of harms way, if not our carers will once again do the trek out to this remote property in order to save the rest of this family of Quolls.