Australian king parrot

Alisterus scapularis

The King-Parrot is found along the east coast and ranges of Australia, from Cooktown in Queensland through to Port Campbell in Victoria. They usually forage in pairs or family groups for seeds and fruit in or near rainforests or wet sclerophyll forests.

The male has a completely red head, and the female a completely green head and breast, both have a red belly and a green back, with green wings and a long green tail. King-Parrots can live for up to 30 years in the wild.

King-Parrots require hollows in order to breed. They lay their eggs on a bed of decayed wood-dust at the bottom of a deep hollow in the trunk of a tree. Often the entrance is high in the tree (10 m) but the eggs are near the ground (0.5 m).

TREES AND SHRUBS KNOWN TO ATTRACT THE KING PARROT

CANOPY TREES

Wattle Species (Acacia sp.)

Midjuburi Lilly Pilly (Acmena smithii)

Rough-barked Apple (Angophora floribunda)

Brush Bloodwood (Baloghia inophylla)

Illawarra Flame Tree (Brachychiton acerifolius)

Cryptocarya sp.

Eucalpytus sp.

Guioa (Guioa semiglauca)

Cheese Tree (Glochidion ferdinandi)

Brush Cherry (Syzygium australe)

Magenta Cherry (Syzygium paniculatum)

SHRUBS

Astrotricha latifolia

Coffee Bush (Breynia oblongifolia)

Brittlewood (Claoxylon australe)

Green Native Cascarilla (Croton verreauxii)

Sticky Hop-bush (Dodonaea viscosa var angustifolia)

Kidney Weed (Dichondra repens)

Myrsine variablis

Elderberry Ash (Polyscias sambucifolia)

Hazel Pomaderris (Pomaderris aspera)

Scrub Turpentine (Rhodamnia rubescens)

Scentless Rosewood (Synoum glandulosum)

Brush Pepperbush (Tasmannia insipida)

GROUND COVERS

Giant Maidenhair (Adiantum formosum)

Birdsnest Fern (Asplenium australasicum)

Gristle Fern (Blechnum cartilageum)

Prickly Rasp Fern (Doodia aspera)

Dianella sp

Berry Saltbush (Einadia hastata)

Climbing Saltbush (Einadia nutans)

Rough Saw-sedge (Gahnia aspera)

Settlers’ Twine (Gymnostachys anceps)

 

Source: Shellharbour City Council Fact Sheet