Pardalotes

Pardalotidae

 

Pardalotes are native to Australia; they are tiny and extremely active birds.

Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus punctatus)

The Spotted Pardalote may be found in eastern and southern Australia from Cooktown in Queensland through to Perth in Western Australia, mainly in coastal areas. The Spotted Pardalote forages for insects, especially psyllids, and sugary exudates found on the foliage of trees.

The Spotted Pardalote excavates a tunnel into the soil of creek banks, or similar suitable sites. The actual nest, made from strips of bark, is built in a chamber at the end of the tunnel.

Striated Pardalote (Pardalotus striatus)

The Striated Pardalote is found throughout most of Australia, apart from only from the most arid areas. They feed on a wide variety of insects and their larvae, usually captured by picking them from the surfaces of leaves.

Striated Pardalotes form pairs or small groups of up to six birds in the breeding season. Their nest many be constructed close to the ground in a tree hollow, or they may excavate a tunnel in the earth on an embankment. They are also known to make use of small openings in human-made objects.