The Welcome Swallow is the most widespread in Australia in a wide variety of habitats with the exception of the more heavily forested regions and drier inland areas.
The Black-faced Woodswallow is found in open country, often far from water, as well as in open woodlands, around lakes and wetlands and in irrigated areas across mainland Australia, mainly west of the Great Dividing Range in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
The Dusky Woodswallow has two separate populations. The eastern population is found from Atherton Tableland, Queensland south to Tasmania and west to Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. The other population is found in south-west Western Australia. Dusky Woodswallows can be seen in open forests and woodlands, as well as along roadsides and on golf courses.
Little Woodswallows are the smallest of Australia’s five species of woodswallow. They have a patchy distribution – mainly found in Australia’s northern half where they are mainly resident. In northern NSW they are regarded as migratory.
The Masked Woodswallow is most common in the west of Australia where it may be seen in subtropical or tropical dry forests
The White-browed Woodswallow is widespread throughout inland eastern Australia in Eucalypt forests and woodlands to dry heaths and spinifex. It can also be found in farmlands, orchards and towns.
The White-breasted Woodswallow is found through New South Wales except on the south coast, as well as Northern coastal Western Australia, across the Kimberley region into the Northern Territory, and through most of Queensland, Western Victoria and North-eastern South Australia.
The White-breasted Woodswallow prefer Eucalypt forests and woodlands close to water and mangroves.
Swallows are dependent on flying insects, and as these are common over waterways and lakes, they frequently feed over these areas.
The Australian Museum