Yellow-tailed black cockatoo

Calyptorhynchus funereus

The yellow-tailed black cockatoo is one of the largest species of parrot measuring 55–65 cm in length.  It has mostly black plumage, a yellow cheek patch and yellow panels on the tail. The female has a larger yellow cheek patch, pale grey eye-ring (pink in males), white upper bill (grey-black in males) and black marks in the yellow tail panels.  Lifespan is up to 41 years in the wild.

The Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo is found in south-eastern Australia, from Eyre Peninsula, South Australia to south and central eastern Queensland in a variety of habitat types, but favours eucalypt woodland and pine plantations. . Small to large flocks can be seen in these areas, either perched or flying on slowly flapping wings

Like other large cockatoos, Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoos rely on large tree hollows in order to breed. The tree hollow is lined with wood chips and constructed by both male and female, but only the female incubate the eggs whilst the male feeds her. Usually only one chick survives, and this will stay in the care of its parents for about six months.

Research featured in the ‘State of Australia’s Birds 2015’ headline and regional reports indicates a significant decline for the Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo on the East Coast of Australia.